Oral Health during Pregnancy
Oral health is really important for everyone. However, it is particularly important for pregnant women. During pregnancy, women are more susceptible to developing gum disease because of hormonal changes in the body. Consequently, it is extremely important for pregnant women to keep an eye on their oral health and visit their dentist on a regular basis.
Why is gum disease common during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, there is an increase in levels of oestrogen and progesterone, which makes women more susceptible to oral health conditions. Around 70 percent of pregnant women suffer from symptoms of gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease that causes red, swollen gums.
What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is a form of gum disease but usually a mild condition, which can often be treated easily if caught in time. If left untreated, gingivitis can become more advanced and turn into periodontal disease, which can be very dangerous for pregnant women. Gingivitis is fairly common and pregnant women are particularly susceptible to the condition. As a consequence, it is important to look out for early warning signs and symptoms including bleeding gums, swelling and redness.
What are the effects of periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease can be a very serious condition, especially if you are pregnant. Recent studies have found that periodontal disease can have devastating effects on the foetus and can lead to stillbirth or premature birth. Premature babies often have low birth weight and can experience problems with health conditions and slow development.
Research studies have found that the harmful bacteria associated with gum disease can get into the bloodstream and affect the developing foetus. The bacteria can also trigger the labour process, which can result in premature or stillbirth.
Studies have found that pregnant women who have untreated gum disease are up to seven times more likely to go into premature labour.
Preventing gum disease
Having a good daily oral hygiene routine will help to boost your oral health and reduce the risk of developing oral health problems, including gun disease. A good daily routine should include brushing the teeth for at least two minutes twice a day, and using mouthwash and dental floss on a daily basis. You also need to visit your dentist on a regular basis, though you should consider going more regularly during pregnancy, especially if you are suffering from symptoms of gingivitis. If you develop symptoms, arrange to see your dentist as quickly as possible so that the condition can be treated. In many cases, gingivitis can be treated quickly and easily. If your condition has advanced, you may be experiencing symptoms such as gum abscesses and loose teeth. If this is the case, arrange to see your dentist as quickly as possible.
What happens after the baby is born?
After you have your baby, you should notice an improvement in your oral health, providing that you stick to a good daily oral hygiene routine. Symptoms of gingivitis should also subside. You should continue to visit your dentist on a regular basis.
This article was written solely for My Light Weight Strollers by Georgina from the cosmetic dentistry guide where there is information relating to all aspects of dentistry, whether you are concerned about oral health issues or considering cosmetic dental treatment.