Common Childhood Diseases Parents Need to Know

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by on September 9, 2010

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Early Childhood Diseases

There have been numerous evolving children’s diseases in the present stage. Significantly, with modern medical technology, the likeliness of catching a common virus or cold has been less significant. However, through the lifestyle in everyday classrooms, day care centers, and other face to face exposure, children are more susceptible to diseases.

Some of the most common early childhood diseases are

  • Hepatoblastoma (cancer of the liver);
  • Kawasaki disease; and
  • Eisenmenger syndrome (heart hypertension)

These diseases are less common, but if diagnosed, it can be fatal. They occur in mostly infants to toddlers, and can appear when in newborns (most common).

Hepatoblastoma

generally affects infants to 3 years old and occurs in the liver. The livers main function is to filter and store blood, and the cancerous cells typically appear near the lobes of the liver. Generally, in most cases, the left lobe is affected. Since the liver creases bile that carries wastes away from the liver, the disease can be fatal. Things that can cause hepatoblastoma include Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, hemihypertrophy, and familial adenomatous polyposis.

Children who are exposed to hepatitis B are also at increased risk for developing Hepatoblastoma. Symptoms can range from vomiting, weightless to serious abdominal pain. Hepatoblastoma can be diagnosed through MRI’s, a biopsy, ultra-sounds and an alpha-fetoprotein test. The disease can occur through five stages, and then the recurrent stage. Surgery or chemotherapy is the most common treatment plans for Hepatoblastoma.

The latest research on the disease includes inhibitors and biological therapies. Typically, the surgery is most common and effective treatment plan for patients with Hepatoblastoma.

Kawasaki Syndrome

(lymph node syndrome) can occur through infants up until 5 years of age. The arties of the heart are most commonly affected. Typically the disease occurs in the descent of Japanese or Korean descent, but all ethnic groups can be exposed.

General symptoms include skin irrigations, swollen tongue, irritated through, or infection in the lymph nodes. The disease is curable, but if treated at an early stage. Typically antibodies like gamma globulin are injected and the bloodstream and large dosages of aspirin are given to prevent heart problems and reduce the fever.

Eisenmenger Syndrome

occurs in infants with structural heart problems. This affects the blood flow from the heart to lungs. Severe chest pains and shortness of breath can occur in the infant. Infants are supported by oxygen machines, and blood is ejected to reduce red blood cells and replace it through volume replacement. MRI’s, cat scans, CBC, and ultrasounds of the heart are ways to diagnose the disease.

The number of patients has decreased with the earlier symptoms because doctors have been able to detect and treat the defect sooner. Surgery is the solitary procedure for treatment in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome.

Commonly, these diseases are treatable if detected early. With modern medicine, a reoccurring patient checkup followed by specific medications and treatment plans can lead the child towards a normal lifestyle. Ongoing therapy versus specific treatment plans has been debatable in any of the three diseases. Surgery is the ultimate long term treatment plan in either case and has been most effective.

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  4. Which Parents’ Health Insurance Should the Children Be On?
  5. Top 10 Things New Parents Should Know

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